Based on its objectives, mobile developers have option to build native mobile apps, hybrid mobile apps or mobile web apps. They must optimize the look, feel, functionality, performance, compatibility, and user experience of the mobile app to make it profitable in the longer run. So it becomes essential for mobile app developers to get the app tested with various devices, operating systems and browsers, in addition to emulating behaviour of targeted users. The developers also need to beat competition by reducing the application’s time to market. Hence, most companies nowadays automate their mobile app testing efforts to get reliable and accurate test results within a short amount of time. The new test automation tools further enable testers to evaluate the mobile devices with real devices and emulating real users. Thecmobile app testers need to follow the do’s and dont’s of mobile app testing properly. They also need to follow latest trends in automated mobile app testing.
Emerging Trends in Automated Mobile App Testing
Enhancing Test Coverage
As noted earlier, each mobile app must work flawlessly across various devices, platforms and networks to stay popular and profitable. Hence, the testers must perform a variety of tools to evaluate all the application’s look, feel, functionality, performance, compatibility, and user experience. They need robust mobile app testing automation tools and frameworks that enable them to perform the required tests repeatedly and under various environments. They also need tools to check how the app interacts with third-party services and APIs.
Cloud-based Testing Tools
A business can always get more accurate and reliable test results by testing mobile apps on real devices. But most businesses lack adequate fund to procure and maintain several models of smartphones, tablets and phablets. So many businesses nowadays opt for cloud-based mobile app testing tools and services to test the mobile apps effectively without investing in real devices. In addition allowing testing to access a variety of mobile devices remotely, the cloud-based tools also offer on-demand scalability.
Demand for New Mobile App Testing Tools
Many businesses nowadays apply agile development principles to mobile app testing. The approach requires the continuous mobile app testing throughout the development process. Likewise, many companies even embrace continuous integration (CI) testing that require the new code added to the centralized code repository to be tested on a daily basis. Most mobile app testing tools do not support continuous integration (CI) and agile mobile app testing. Hence, the existing mobile app testing tools must re-invent themselves to support the new testing approaches and principles.
Testing Compatibility of APIs and Micro Services
Like software applications, mobile apps also have small modules or components. Each component is developed and tested individually as a message-based micro service. In addition to reducing development time, the micro services make it easier for developers to make changes to the mobile app during development process. However, the testers need to use specialized tools to evaluate the scope and interoperability of each component individually. They also automate API testing to evaluate these micro services efficiently during the coding process.
Analytics and Big Data Testing
Many modern mobile apps have the option to facilitate collection, generation, processing and analysis of huge amount of unstructured data. Hence, the app must perform end-to-end data processing flawlessly to effectuate decision-making process. The testing professionals must use specialized tools that are designed specifically for big data and predictive analytics to evaluate such apps efficiently. These tools will help testers to check if the mobile app collects customer information efficiently and meets their exact needs.
Focus on Configuration and Environment Management
The quality of a mobile app is affected by its configuration and deployment environment. Many testers nowadays use specialized tools to evaluate the app’s functions, operations, infrastructure and physical attributes. These tools further help users to emulate various deployment environments, and work with varying app configurations.
Virtualization and Containerization
The testers explore ways to reduce the testing time drastically by testing the app code in isolation. When the app code is separate from its surrounding environment, it becomes easier for testing professionals to identify all defects or bugs in the mobile app more quickly. Also, they can easily identify and fix the bugs during the development phase. Hence, many QA testers will use tools to monitor and maintain the surrounding environment of the mobile app through virtualization and containerization.
Emphasis on Security and Penetration Testing
Nowadays most people store, access and share both personal and business data on their mobile devices. Hence, it becomes essential for businesses to perform elaborate security testing and penetration testing by using the right tools. These security testing tools will help testers to identify all vulnerabilities that make the mobile apps prone to targeted malware attacks. Also, the testers will use penetration testing tools to protect the mobile app from emerging security threats.
However, the trends in mobile app testing automation keep changing at frequent intervals. Also, the impact of an emerging automated mobile app testing trend will vary from one project to another. Hence, it is always important for the test managers and QA testers to identify the trends that will affect the current mobile app testing project.