According to a number of surveys, a large percentage of users nowadays abandon mobile apps after one time use. Many enterprises nowadays implement formal software testing strategy to evaluate their mobile apps continuously and thoroughly. Likewise, many businesses recruit skilled testers and invest in robust mobile app testing tools to assess the quality of their applications effectively. A business can easily accelerate the mobile app testing process by implementing mobile app testing best practices and avoiding common mobile app testing mistakes. The strategy also needs to consider several do’s and don’ts of mobile app testing.
Do’s of Mobile App Testing
Do Automate Most Testing Efforts
An enterprise has to invest a substantial amount initially to automate the mobile testing efforts. But the automation tools will enable QA professionals to perform the required tests within a shorter amount of time. They can further take advantage of the IDEs, test scripts and cloud-based frameworks to run tests repeatedly and deliver better test results. Also, the tools will make it easier for the users to test the application during different phases of production. The testers can further use the tools to repeat various tests under varying conditions.
Do Review the App Code Consistently
Nowadays, most mobile apps are developed in distributed development environments. The quality of code written by individual programmers differs. Hence, the source code of a mobile app includes both strong and weak pieces of code. The weaker pieces of code make the app vulnerable to targeted malware attacks. Many hackers take advantage of the loopholes in the app code to access sensitive user data by executing malware attacks. A business must get the source code of its mobile app reviewed consistently to prevent security threats by removing the weaker pieces of code.
Do Explore Ways to Address Device Fragmentation
A mobile app nowadays needs to deliver quality user experience across different models of smartphones, tablets and phablets. Also, it must be paired seamlessly with the app installed on wearable devices. That is why; it becomes essential for business to test the application using many mobile devices. But a business cannot afford to buy and maintain a variety of mobile devices. The QA professionals must pick the right devices to address to address the challenge effectively. They must select the devices based on key parameters like screen size, resolution, version of mobile operating system, form factor, memory size and connectivity options.
Do Take Advantage of Device Emulators
The device emulators help businesses to avoid buying and maintaining a large number of devices. The emulators further help testers to test the app across multiple devices in a quicker and more efficient way. However, the emulators cannot replace real devices in a testing environment. The testers must use emulator in the initial phases of development to speed up bug detection. They can use real devices subsequently to assess the app’s functionality and performance in real time scenarios.
Do Opt for Cloud-based Testing Tools and Services
An enterprise can use cloud computing to create an environment to test, deploy and manage mobile apps efficiently. The cloud-based tools will enable testers to assess the application across a variety of devices. As the testers can use a pre-built and synchronized environment, it will be easier for them to reduce the defects and issues associated with unstable environment. The scalable nature of cloud environment further makes it easier for QA professionals to extend the testing environment. They can even take advantage of the pre-configured environment to test complex mobile apps rapidly and generate real-time test results.
Do Perform Beta Testing
The functionality and performance of a mobile app will differ across user environments. So the testers must test the app in a real-time environment to assess its performance with various network connections. They can perform beta testing to easily assess the application’s performance in real-time environment. However, beta testing must be conducted using real devices, actual data networks, and a wider area coverage. The QA professionals must perform beta testing to assess the app’s performance based on factors like devices, type of network connectivity, network density, and battery states. Also, the testing will help the professionals to check how the users interact with the application in real world.
Do Adopt Agile Methodology
Many organizations nowadays adopt the essence of agile software testing and agile project management methodology to accelerate both mobile app development and testing efforts. The methodology requires programmers and testers to work together, and collaborate with other stakeholders continuously. Also, the testers need to assess the application’s features and functionality during different phases of development. The regular and repetitive testing results in early detection of defects or bugs in the app. Further, the testers can collaborate with programmers to get the bugs fixed without any delay. The early detection and elimination of bugs will further help enterprises to reduce the overall mobile testing time drastically.
Don’ts of Mobile App Testing
Don’t Forget to Use Real Mobile Devices
The emulators and simulators help testers to evaluate various aspects an app without procuring and maintaining real mobile devices. But the emulators and simulators lack the capability to assess the app’s usability and user experience. Nowadays, each mobile app must deliver optimal user experience to prevent user abandonment. Hence, the testers must use real devices to assess the app’s user experience precisely. The mobile app testing strategy of an organization must explore ways to maintain the perfect balance between real devices and emulators.
Don’t Ignore the Platform UI and UX Guidelines
Often testing professionals evaluate the quality of a mobile app based on predefined requirements and specifications. The quality of the app will be directly impacted by the user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) guidelines provided by the underlying mobile platform. The UI and UX guidelines differ from one mobile platform to another. While testing a mobile app, the testers must keep in mind the platform UI and UX guidelines to ensure that its works seamlessly on the mobile operating system.
However, the enterprise needs to customize its testing strategy according to the type and needs of mobile app. While preparing the testing strategy, it must implement the testing best practices for the specific type of app. Also, it needs to avoid the common software testing mistakes pertaining to the specific app type.